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William Loney RN - Background
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The Queens Regulations and the Admiralty Instructions - 1861
HER MAJESTY'S LAND FORCES.
When any of Her Majesty's Land Forces shall be embarked in the Fleet to serve as Marines, they shall be considered, in every respect whatsoever, as Royal Marines, except only as to pay, clothing, and stoppages, which will be governed by the Regulations of the Army.
Whenever any of Her Majesty's Land Forces, or any Royal Marines formed into a separate Corps or Battalion, shall be embarked as Passengers in any of Her Majesty's Ships, all the Officers and Soldiers shall, from the time of embarkation, strictly conform themselves to the Laws and Regulations established for the Government and Discipline of Her Majesty's Navy, and shall consider themselves, for these purposes, as under the command of the senior Officer of the Ship, as well as of the superior Officer of the Squadron, if any, to which such Ship may belong.
In case any Officer, Non-commissioned Officer, or Soldier, shall be guilty of any offence against the Laws and Regulations established for the Government and Discipline of the Ship in which he is embarked, the Commanding Officer of such Ship may, by his own authority, and without reference to any other person, cause him to be put under arrest, or to be confined as a close prisoner, if the circumstances of the case and Naval Discipline require it; and may detain him (if necessary) in either of those situations, during his continuance on board; transmitting, without delay, a report, in writing, of the charges against such Officer or Soldier, to his superior Officer, or if there be no senior Officer present, to the Commander-in-chief of the Land Forces, in order that he may be disembarked, or removed into a Transport the first convenient opportunity, and then proceeded against according to Military Law, if his offence be cognizable at a general or Regimental Court-Martial.
In cases where the practice of the Navy authorizes immediate punishment, Private Soldiers (but no others), are to suffer such punishment as the Commanding Officer of the Ship may think fit to be inflicted, provided the Commanding Officer of the Troops shall previously concur in the necessity of such immediate punishment; but if the latter shall differ in opinion thereupon (the reasons for which difference of opinion he shall state in writing and deliver to the Commanding Officer of the Ship), the delinquents are, on the first opportunity, to be disembarked or removed into a Transport, and proceeded against as stated in the preceding Article.
No Military Courts-Martial, whether general or regimental, shall be held on board any of Her Majesty's Ships in Commission.
Should any Officer or Soldier, while embarked in one of Her Majesty's Ships, commit any military offence for which he would be amenable to a Court-Martial, if serving on shore, requisition is to made by his Commanding Officer to the Commanding Officer of the Ship, who will, thereupon, cause such Officer or Soldier to be put under arrest or in confinement, until he can be removed in the manner above mentioned to be brought to trial.
The Officers of the Land Forces, or of the Royal Marines, thus embarked, shall be accommodated at the Captain's Table, or in the Lieutenant's Mess, in the manner explained in Chapter XXX, at page 224.
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