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William Loney RN - Background
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The Queens Regulations and the Admiralty Instructions - 1861
The Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, Bombardiers, Drummers, Buglers, Gunners, and Privates of the Royal Marines belonging to Her Majesty's Ships, whether entered on the Ship's Books as part of the complement, or borne as supernumeraries, except when borne for a passage for service on shore, as hereinafter provided, shall be entitled to the same advantages, and subject to the same discipline, as the rest of the Ship's Company.
Whenever Royal Marines, formed into a separate Corps or Battalion, shall be embarked as passengers on board any of Her Majesty's Ships, all the Officers and Soldiers of such Corps or Battalion, shall be subject to the same regulations as Her Majesty's Land Forces under like circumstances.
The Officers and Non-commissioned Officers shall command each other and the Private Marines, agreeably to their respective ranks, and to the custom of the Marine Service, in all matters relating to their distinct duties as Marines; but none of them are ever to assume any Naval command or authority whatsoever, unless ordered to do so by their superior Naval Officers; and they are to be, in all matters whatsoever, under the command of the Captain or Commanding Officer of the Ship in which they may be, and of the Officer of the Watch for the time being, whatsoever his rank may be.
The Officers of the Royal Marines are to be treated on board with the respect due to the Commissions which they bear, and the Non-commissioned Officers are to be treated according to their respective stations; and any disobedience of their lawful commands, or any insult or injury to their persons, shall be dealt with as if such offences were committed against Officers or Petty Officers of the Navy of corresponding ranks,
If any Non-commissioned Officer shall be guilty of any such misconduct as, in the opinion of the Captain or Commanding Officer of the Ship, may require that he should be reduced from his rank, such Commanding Officer shall report the same (mentioning particularly the Division he belongs to) to the Secretary of the Admiralty, or to his Commander-in-chief, if he be under the orders of one; and with the sanction of the Admiralty, or of such Commander-in-chief, he may reduce the offender; but if there be no opportunity of reporting the case to the Admiralty, or to the Commander-in-chief, the Commanding Officer may then, with the concurrence of the senior Officer of Marines (if there be one on board, and if not, by his own authority) reduce the offender to the ranks, reporting the same, with the least delay, to his Commander-in-chief, or to the Admiralty, as may be, for approval. The warrant for the reduction of any Non-commissioned Officer is to be countersigned by the senior Marine Officer, if there be one on board.
The Marine Arms, Bugles, Fifes, and Drums are to be under the charge of the Commanding Officer of the Marines on board, who is to be accountable for any loss or damage that may happen to them for want of sufficient care on his part; and every such case, and the particulars of the loss or damage, shall be reported by the Captain or Commander to his Commander-in-chief, or, if he be not under the orders of one, to the Secretary of the Admiralty, that the amount may be charged against such Commanding Marine Officer; but if any such loss or damage shall happen through the neglect of any other person, the Officer of Marines is immediately to acquaint the Captain or Commander therewith, who is to cause the value thereof to be forthwith noted against such person's name in the Ship's Books, in order to its being deducted from his pay or wages.
When a Marine shall be discharged to Head Quarters deficient in his Arms or Accoutrements, a certificate specifying every missing article, and how disposed of, is to be sent to the Division to which he belongs, by the Officer in command of the Detachment; or, where there is no such Officer, by the Non-commissioned Officer in charge of the party; in the latter case, the certificate is to be countersigned by the Commanding Officer of the Ship.
The Sergeants, Corporals, Bombardiers, Drummers, Buglers, Gunners, and Privates, of the Royal Marine Divisions, are to be allowed a suit of uniform new clothing once a-year; they are to be entitled thereto on the 23rd of April, and the same is to be issued to them on that day, or as soon after as possible. The said clothing is to consist of the particulars for each man and boy which have been, or shall hereafter be, ordered by the Admiralty, in pursuance of Her Majesty's pleasure, from time to time in that behalf signified; and neither the Captain nor other Commanding Officer of the Ship in which Marines may be embarked, nor the Commanding Officer of the Marines, is, on any pretence whatsoever, to permit the clothing or accoutrements to be cut or altered, except in strict conformity with the make and shape of the clothes and accoutrements ordered and established for the Royal Marines when on shore.
The annual clothing of men serving on the Home Stations is to be supplied, on demand, through the senior Naval Officer, from the nearest Divisional Head-Quarters, on, or immediately after, the 23rd of April of the year for which they are to be clothed. But in all cases when men are so clothed from a Division not their own, the Quarter-Master will immediately transmit a statement thereof to the Quarter-Masters of the Divisions to which the men respectively belong, who will forthwith note the same accordingly on the several clothing records.
When ships are ordered to fit for foreign service, one suit of annual clothing made up (with the exception of caps) is to be demanded for each man of the Detachment, as store.
Demands for clothing as above stated, agreeably to the Form in the Appendix, are to be invariably accompanied by size rolls of the detachment for which the clothing is required: and a receipt for the clothing, when issued to the men, signed by each person supplied therewith, agreeably to the Form in the Appendix, is to be forwarded, through the Secretary of the Admiralty, to the Head-Quarters of the Division to which the men belong.
The annual clothing of Marines dying on board, or deserting (with the exception of such as may have been in their possession for eight months or more), is to be carefully preserved and returned by the Commanding Officer of the Detachment, to the Quarter-Master of the Division at the Port where the Ship may arrive, unless to avoid infection it be deemed proper to destroy it.
Where there is a Commissioned Officer of Marines in the ship, all responsibility with regard to the annual Marine Clothing will rest with him; and where there is no such Officer, with the Paymaster, as directed in that Officer's Instructions.
A duck-frock and trousers are issued triennially to each man, and are to be considered as a portion of his equipment: but frocks and trousers are to be worn only in cases where Marines are employed on such heavy work as necessarily attends fitting and refitting, or on any fatigue-duty in the Dock-yards, or elsewhere; and the established forage cap is to be invariably worn with the duck-frock and trousers.
Marines returning from foreign parts, and entitled to clothing, are to be supplied with a suit of clothing each man; and if more than one suit be due to them, they are, upon their being landed, to be allowed, for every additional suit so due, such sum as may be established by the Regulations relating to the Royal Marines when on shore.
The Commission Officers of Royal Marines are to be paid agreeably to such regulations as Her Majesty may, from time to time, appoint, by any Order in Council, or under Her Royal Sign Manual. The Non-commissioned Officers, Drummers, Buglers, Gunners, and Privates, when borne on the Ship's Books for Pay, shall receive the rates of Pay specified in the general Table of Pay; they are to be paid on the Ship's Books, as the Seamen are paid, and under such regulations as the Admiralty may, from time to time, establish.
Sergeants, Corporals, Bombardiers, Drummers, Buglers, Gunners, and Privates, of the Divisional, and Artillery Companies, enlisted prior to 1st of August, 1847, embarked in Her Majesty's Ships on Foreign Stations, who have completed twenty-one years' good service, and are desirous of returning home for the purpose of being discharged, may, on application through their Officer and the Captain of the Ship to the Commander -in-chief on the Station, be sent home, provided they can be spared, without inconvenience, from the Ships in which they may be serving, and opportunities offer for sending them to England as part complement, or supernumeraries of ships ordered home.
Men enlisted on and after the 1st of August, 1847, will be discharged at the end of twelve years' service, from the age of 18, if at Head-Quarters: and those who re-engage themselves for a further period of nine years, will, at the end of twenty-one years' service, from the age of 18, be entitled to their discharge with pensions.
If the first or second term of limited service for which any Marine may have engaged himself shall expire while he is serving on a Foreign Station, the said first or second term may be prolonged for such further time, not exceeding two years, as shall be directed by the Officer in command of the Station. But unless the Officer in command of the Station should deem it necessary for the convenience of the Service to detain Marines after the period for which they are engaged shall have expired, they are to be sent home in Ships of War, either as part complement or as supernumeraries.
Any Marine, being employed out of the United Kingdom, at any time during the last six months of the term of limited service for which he shall have first engaged, or after the completion of such term, may, if approved by his Commanding Officer, or other competent authority, as a fit person to continue in Her Majesty's service as a Marine, be re-engaged to serve for the further term of nine years in the Royal Marine Forces, upon making a Declaration in the Form given in the Appendix, before the Captain or Officer in command of the Ship, Battalion, or Detachment, in which such Marine may be serving.
Marines employed on board any of Her Majesty's Ships, within the limits of the United Kingdom, being desirous of extending their engagements as aforesaid, must make the Declaration referred to before one of Her Majesty's Justices of the Peace in Great Britain or Ireland.
As soon as possible after the completion of the Declaration, the Captain or Officer in command of the Ship is to cause the Paymaster to pay to the Marine who may be re-engaged, in his presence, out of the public money furnished for the Ship's use, the Bounty in force at the time of the re-engagement, and 41. as compensation in lieu of a new kit, the receipts for which are to be made out in duplicate, one to accompany the Declaration, the other to be forwarded with the Paymaster's cash account.
The Captain, or Officer in Command of the Ship, in which any Marine who extends the period of his service, shall be employed, is to forward the Declaration of re-engagement to the Secretary of the Admiralty by the earliest convenient opportunity, and an attested copy of the same is to be transmitted with the Quarterly Marine Returns.
When Marines are required for service afloat, the Admiral or other Officer commanding at the Port where such Marines are wanted, is to give as early notice thereof as possible to the Commanding Officer of Royal Marines, at the Head-Quarters on shore, in order that the men may be mustered, their accounts explained and settled, and proper lists made out, to be sent with them on their embarkation, agreeably to the Form in the Appendix. These lists will show the debts due by the men respectively, which debts are to be charged against them on the Ship's Books; and all applications for Marines for Sea Service are to be made in writing, through the Flag or other Naval Officer commanding, to the Officer commanding the Division of Royal Marines at the Port. Marines in Harbour Ships at Home are to be relieved annually.
Captains of newly Commissioned Ships are not to apply to the Commander-in-chief under whom they are serving for the Detachment of Marines to be embarked until the Ship or Hulk is ready to receive the men, and bedding has been provided for them.
When a vacancy occurs for a Marine, in any of Her Majesty's Ships at the home Ports, application is to be made to the Commander-in-chief, according to the Form given in the Appendix, for another to be embarked in his place.
Vacancies occurring in Her Majesty's Ships abroad for Non-commissioned Officers, may, when there are no disposable Supernumeraries on the Station of the rank required, be filled up by the respective Captains or Officers in command of such Ships advancing Marines to act in the vacancies; observing, that no man is eligible for the rating of Acting-Corporal until he has served twelve months in the ranks.
The senior Marine Officer on board is to attend at the investigation of any complaints made against the Marines of the Detachment embarked.
Every Officer and Non-commissioned Officer having charge of a Detachment embarked, is to keep a minute and correct account, according to the Form in the Appendix, of the conduct of every individual belonging to the Detachment, and on the disembarkation of the party, a copy of the account so kept is to be rendered to the Commandant of the Division to which the men belong, signed by the Officer or Non-commissioned Officer of Royal Marines, and counter-signed by the Captain or Commanding Officer of the Ship; and when any Non-commissioned Officer or Private shall be discharged, invalided, or otherwise, previous to the Ship being paid off, his discharge is, upon all such occasions to be accompanied by a statement of his conduct and character while embarked, which statement is to be signed and countersigned as above directed.
Quarterly Returns of Detachments embarked, according to the established form, are to be transmitted to the Commandants of the several Divisions of Royal Marines, under cover, to the Secretary of the Admiralty, Signed by the Officer or Non-commissioned Officer commanding the Detachment, and countersigned by the Captains or Commanding Officers of the respective Ships in which such Detachments are embarked.
Applications for leave of absence are to be made through the Officer commanding the Detachment of Marines; and should he object to any particular Marine or Marines being permitted to go on shore on leave, owing to inattention to his or their duties as soldiers, due attention is to be paid to such objection by the Captain or Commanding Officer of the Ship.
Marines going on shore on leave are to be dressed in the Regulation undress uniforms, with belts, but without side-arms.
The Non-commissioned Officers and Privates of the Royal Marines are to be frequently exercised by their Officers in the use of their arms. They are to be employed as sentinels, and upon all other duties and service on board the Ship, of which they shall be capable, due regard being had to the particular duties for which they are embarked; and they are not to be called upon (except in urgent and unavoidable cases), to perform the duties of Petty Officers; nor are they to be obliged to go aloft.
The Officer commanding the Detachment of Marines is to be responsible that the arms of his men are constantly kept in good condition, and fit for service; and they are to be kept clean and in good order by the Marines themselves, so far as they can do so; and the Ship's Armourers are to be employed in such cases of repair only where their assistance may be necessary. The Officer is also to keep in charge, and return to the Quarter-Master of the Division at the Port where the Ship may arrive, any spare arms or accoutrements which, by any casualty, may have been left on board; and will be required to account, by voucher, for the disposal of every stand of arms and set of accoutrements so left, in order that the accounts of arms may be kept at the several Divisions for the information of the War Department.
The arms of the Marines stationed at guns are to be kept on the gun decks on which they are quartered, in racks fixed to the bulkheads of the cabins. Hooks will be placed over the guns to receive the rifles of the Marines when at quarters, but at no other time are these arms to be placed over the guns. The rifles of the Marine small-arm men are to be placed as near as possible to the mess places of those men. No rifles are to kept near the engine-room or stoke-hole hatchways.
Marines embarked in Her Majesty's Ships are, from time to time, to be supplied by the Paymaster with such clothing, &c., as the Officer commanding the Detachment shall represent them to be in want of, not exceeding in value the established monthly allowance, - the amount to be charged against their names in the Ship's Books.
The Officer or Non-commissioned Officer commanding a Detachment of Royal Marines on Board, is to examine once a-month, when the duties of the Ship will admit, into the state of the clothing, bedding, and necessaries of his Detachment; and, if he finds any loss or irregularity therein, he is, if the case should require it, to report the same to the Captain or Commanding Officer of the Ship, in order that any man offending therein may be properly punished for the same.
The Store-room for the use of the Marines is to be in the possession of the Officer commanding the Detachment, and is not to be used for any other purpose.
When Non-commissioned Officers, Drummers, Gunners, or Privates of the Royal Marines, sick or wounded, are sent on shore to Hospital in England, the Officer commanding the Detachment is to take care that their clothes, arms, and accoutrements, be sent with them, packed and labelled, to be placed in charge of the proper Officer at such Hospital; but Marines sent on shore to Hospitals abroad are not to take their arms and accoutrements with them.
On the Home Stations, whenever application is made for the discharge of a Marine, on account of his having served twenty-one years, or the period for which he enlisted, the Captain who makes the application is to forward with it a certificate from the Commandant of the Division to which the man belongs, of his having actually completed the period of service on which he grounds his application for discharge.
Every Marine Officer, on being ordered for embarkation in Her Majesty's Ships, shall apply either to the Accountant-General of Her Majesty's Navy, or to the Divisional Paymaster, as the case may be, for a certificate, stating to what time his pay has been issued on shore, which certificate, if granted by the Divisional Paymaster, shall be in the following form, viz.:-
I hereby certify that of the Marines has received his full pay to the day of inclusive, and that he was then in debt to the Government in the sum of £ , [or not in debt, as the case may be].
The Marine Officer is to deliver the above certificate to the Commanding Officer of the Ship or vessel in which he may embark; and the Commanding Officer is to consider the same as his voucher for his future guidance, in approving the Full-Pay Lists of the said Marine Officer.
When a Marine Officer shall be ordered to embark on board one of Her Majesty's Ships, and be desirous of receiving an advance of Pay, he is to apply to the Accountant-General of the Navy for permission to receive the same, by a payment to his agent, or personally; and if the Officer should have been in the habit of receiving his pay at Head Quarters, his application must be accompanied by the certificate above mentioned; but should the Officer be ordered for immediate embarkation, and there should not be sufficient time to comply with the foregoing regulation, he may receive the usual advance from the Divisional Paymaster, without previous application to the Accountant-General. If not previously paid in advance, it may be paid to the Officer on board.
Every Marine Officer while serving in Her Majesty's Ships, may receive his Pay from the Paymaster on board, when it shall actually have become due.
Marine Officers who may be in debt to Government, on any account whatever, at the time they embark, shall be at liberty, when disembarked for temporary service, to draw for one-half only of the Pay specified against each respective rank, until such time as the debts stated in the certificates shall be liquidated.
Marine Officers, on the termination of their service afloat, are to apply to the Accountant-General of the Navy for the Pay that may be due to them, transmitting with such application the certificate mentioned below.
Whenever Marine Officers are removed from one Ship to another, or disembarked, the Paymaster of the Ship from which they are discharged is to furnish them with a certificate according to the following form, of the time to which they have respectively been paid, and the residue of the debts, if any due to Government, which certificates are to be delivered by the Marine Officers to the Captain of the Ship, or the Commandant of the Division, to which they may be discharged:-
I hereby certify that of the Marines has been paid the Pay due to him to the day of 18 . I also certify that was in debt to Government in the sum of £ [or not in debt to Government, as the case may be] at the above period.
When Marines are disembarked from Ships not ordered to be put out of Commission, their Tickets and Pay Lists (separate Lists are required for each Division) are to be prepared on board the Ship they belonged to, and the full wages cast. The pay documents are then to be transmitted to the Accountant-General of the Navy for examination and completion. When ordered to be paid off, separate Disembarkation Lists of the Marines belonging to each Division are to be prepared by the Marine Officer commanding the Detachment, and transmitted, as soon as possible, through the Captain of the Ship to the several Colonels-Commandant; they are to contain the number of the Company to which the men belong, and correct information relating to their badges and classes, as required by the Form in the Appendix. In Ships which do not bear a Commission Officer of Marines, the Captain is to cause such Lists to be prepared by the Paymaster, and transmitted as herein directed.
The Colonels-Commandant are to cause these Lists to be compared with the Divisional records, in order that the requisite notations as to classes, badges, promotions, &c., may be made thereon, and when complete they are to be transmitted to the Accountant-General, for the purpose of adjusting the pay of the men, and issuing the necessary authority to the Divisional Paymaster for Payment.
Whenever one or more Marines may be discharged to Head-Quarters from a Ship not paid off, their tickets or other pay documents, are to be sent with them to Head-Quarters, and the Colonels-Commandant are to cause them to be examined, and completed from the Divisional records, before transmitting them to the Accountant-General for assignment.
The residue of wages due to Marines discharged from Her Majesty's Ships to Head-Quarters, is to be paid to them by the Divisional Paymaster, in the presence of proper Officers to be nominated by the Colonel-Commandant, as soon as possible after the receipt of the necessary documents at Head-Quarters, and out of that residue the sum of 1 l. is to be deducted from each man, and kept as a fund for supplying him with necessaries on shore, or on his being re-embarked, which sum is to be held by the Divisional Paymaster for that purpose; but if, at the time of paying any Marine his sea pay, there should not be as much as 1 l. due to him, no portion of whatever may be due is to be retained by the Divisional Paymaster; and a separate and particular account of this money is to be kept by the Divisional Paymaster and Pay-Captain, and the balance, if any, paid to the man, either on his embarkation or discharge from the Service.
Whenever a Marine may be discharged from any of Her Majesty's Ships, to be paid at Head-Quarters, he is to be furnished with a note, on the established form, stating the particulars of the charges made against him in his pay documents.
Whenever Marines serving on board Her Majesty's Ships arc ordered to be discharged from the service, on any account whatever, they are to be sent to the Head-Quarters of the Division to which they belong, for their final discharge.
The Marine Service Acts of Parliament for the time being will be supplied to the Captains and Officers in command of Her Majesty's Ships, and in all matters relative to Marines, they are to conform themselves to the provisions of those Acts, so far as they refer to the Service afloat.
The Officers and Men of the Royal Marine Corps may wear moustaches, but not beards.
In all Ships' Books, Returns, Reports, and Correspondence, relative to Marines, the Division and Company to which they belong are to be stated.
All letters on service to the Deputy Adjutant-General of Royal Marines, or Commandants of Divisions, are to be sent, under cover, to the Secretary of the Admiralty, with the words, "Royal Marines," in the lower left-hand corner of the address.
The badge for good shooting awarded to any Marine embarked from Head-Quarters for foreign service, is to be worn by him until an opportunity shall occur of his being challenged by another annual course of practice at home, as directed in the Admiralty Order, dated 20th September, 1858; and the extra pay attached to such badge is to be credited to him on the Ship's books from the date of his entry on board to the end of one year from the time of the badge being conferred. The necessary particulars will be given in the embarkation sheets for the information and guidance of the Officer commanding the Ship in which the Marine may be embarked.
Marines may be permitted to purchase their discharge, or to obtain free discharge, or discharge to pension, at their own request, upon the terms specified in the following scale, provided they have served the requisite period; but the number of men to be discharged, and the selection of the individuals shall be governed by such instructions as the Admiralty shall, from time to time, give, for extending or limiting the number, or for wholly suspending the permission:-
|Under 7 years' actual service, without a distinguishing mark||£20|
|Ditto, with one distinguishing mark||18|
|After 7 years' actual service, without a distinguishing mark||18|
|Ditto, with distinguishing mark||15|
|After 10 years' actual service, without a distinguishing mark||15|
|Ditto, with one distinguishing mark||10|
|Ditto, with two distinguishing marks||5|
|After 12 years' actual service, without a distinguishing mark||10|
|Ditto, with one distinguishing mark||5|
|Ditto, with two distinguishing marks||Free|
|After 14 years' actual service, without a distinguishing mark||£5|
|Ditto, with one distinguishing mark||Free|
|Ditto, with two distinguishing marks||Free. With a right of registry for deferred pension of 4 d. a-day, upon attaining 50 years of age.|
|After 16 years' actual service, with one distinguishing mark|
|After 15 years' actual service, with three distinguishing marks||Free. With a right of registry for deferred pension of 6 d. a-day, upon attaining 50 years of age.|
|After 16 years' actual service, with two distinguishing marks, having possessed the second at least twelve mouths|
|After 15 years' actual service, without a distinguishing mark||Free|
ANNUITIES TO SERGEANTS.
A sum not exceeding 250l. a-year is placed at the disposal of the Admiralty, to be distributed in granting Annuities, as rewards for distinguished or meritorious service to Sergeants; and such Annuities are to be enjoyed either while the Sergeants are serving, or after their discharge with Pension, in sums not exceeding 20 l. a-year.
The Sergeants selected for this honorary distinction shall be entitled to wear a silver medal, having on one side Her Majesty's effigy, and on the other the words, "For Meritorious Service," and the name of the Sergeant, with the date of its grant; and they will not be liable to forfeiture of the annuity, and medal, except by sentence of a Court-Martial, or by conviction of felony by a Court of Civil Judicature.
MEDALS AND GRATUITIES.
The Commandant of a Division of Royal Marines may annually recommend a certain number of men of meritorious conduct for the "Good-conduct and Long Service" Medal and Gratuity, as follows, viz.:-
|Sergeant, who shall have served ten years as such||£15|
|Corporal, who shall have served seven years as such;or to a Sergeant,|
who shall have served seven years as Corporal and Sergeant
The men to be recommended must have completed twenty-one years of actual service, have borne an irreproachable character, and have never been convicted by a Court-Martial; or, if not coming strictly within those latter conditions, they must have particularly distinguished themselves by gallantry and zeal in the Service.
The amount to be recommended in one year, by each Commandant, must not exceed the following sums, viz.:-
£40 when the number of rank and file on the shore strength of the Division is 900 and upwards.
£30 when the number is 700 and under 900.
£20 when the number is less than 700.
The medal is to be presented according to the existing regulations on that head.
All Marines who shall have fulfilled the conditions of the regulations relating to the award of the medals and gratuities for "Long Service and Good Conduct," but who are precluded from becoming recipients of medals with gratuities in consequence of the aggregate amount to be annually awarded being already appropriated, shall be granted the said medals without gratuities, to the extent of three for each Division in each year.
Non-commissioned Officers, Drummers, Privates, and Gunners, who may have been qualified before discharge, shall be eligible to receive medals without gratuities if recommended by their former Commanding Officers, within three years after their discharge.
Non-commissioned Officers on the permanent staff of the Militia, or filling corresponding situations in the Naval Service, who were eligible previously to their discharge from the Corps for medals with gratuities, shall also be eligible to receive medals without gratuities, and no limit shall be placed on the grants as regards the date of discharge in the case of such men so serving.
ADDITIONAL PAY AND DISTINGUISHING MARKS.
A reward of additional pay, and distinguishing marks, for good conduct, is to be granted, under the following rules, to every Corporal, Bombardier, Drummer, Bugler, Gunner, and Private, of the Royal Marine Divisional and Artillery Companies, enlisted on or after the 1st August, 1847:-
|Having served three years, provided his name shall not have been entered in the Divisional Defaulters' Book for at least two years immediately preceding his claim||1d. a-day.|
|Having served eight years, and having been uninterruptedly in the receipt of 1 d. a-day for two years immediately preceding his claim||2d. "|
|Having served thirteen years, and having been uninterruptedly in the receipt of 2d. a-day for two years immediately preceding his claim||3d. "|
|Having served eighteen years, and having been uninterruptedly in the receipt of 3d. a-day for two years immediately preceding his claim||4d. "|
|Having served twenty-three years, and having been uninterruptedly in the receipt of 4d. a-day for two years immediately preceding his claim||5d. "|
|Having served twenty-eight years, and having been uninterruptedly in the receipt of 5d. a-day for two years immediately preceding his claim||6d. "|
As a further reward for continuous good conduct, Marines who shall have completed sixteen years' actual service, and whose names have not been entered in the Divisional Defaulters' Book for the last fourteen years preceding their claim, may receive the rates of good-conduct pay two years earlier - that is, after sixteen, twenty-one, and twenty-six years' service, respectively. If, having received the advantage for uninterrupted good conduct granted by the above, a man shall incur any forfeiture, he must lose all benefits acquired by him for such uninterrupted good conduct, and revert to the condition which requires eighteen, twenty-three, and twenty-eight years' service respectively, to obtain 4d., 5d., and 6d.
The service requisite to entitle men to the distinction and rewards granted above, may include former service in all ranks after the age of 18 years.
Men transferred from the Army are to keep the rewards obtained by them under the regulations applicable to that service, and to be afterwards subject to these regulations.
As this reward is strictly an honourable distinction, to be conferred only upon the well-conducted Marine, the Commandants of Divisions are enjoined to enter in the Divisional Defaulters' Book the name of every Marine who shall be convicted by Court-Martial, or who, in consequence of misconduct, shall be subjected to a forfeiture of pay, either with or without imprisonment, or any other punishment beyond seven days' confinement to barracks; and the commission of every offence which shall impose upon the Commandant the necessity of recording the Marine's name in the Divisional Defaulters' Book, shall render the man ineligible for this reward for two years from the date of such entry, should no imprisonment be inflicted, and in case of imprisonment from the date of release; and, if he be already in possession of this distinction, shall deprive him of his distinguishing mark and good-conduct pay for one year; and a second recorded offence within twelve months, shall render two years of uninterrupted good conduct necessary to obtain a restoration of such reward.
A Marine having two or more distinguishing marks, shall, in like manner, forfeit one of such marks, and the good-conduct pay allowed with it, for one year for each offence, such forfeiture to be reckoned from the date of entry in the Defaulters' Book, or release from imprisonment, unless another offence be committed within the year, in which case the restoration of the first distinguishing mark and good-conduct pay will be delayed until the completion of a year from the date of the last offence, or release from last imprisonment, and the restoration of the second distinguishing mark and good-conduct pay will be delayed until the completion of one year's uninterrupted re-possession of the first distinguishing mark and good-conduct pay, and so on with each subsequent forfeiture and restoration. If he shall forfeit all his distinguishing marks, and good-conduct pay, and before the restoration of any one, shall be recorded for a fresh offence, he shall forfeit all claim in consequence of his previous good conduct, and shall only be entitled to obtain a restoration of his honourable distinctions by subsequently serving, with uninterrupted good conduct, for two years to obtain one distinguishing mark, for four years to obtain two distinguishing marks, for six years to obtain three distinguishing marks, for eight years to obtain four distinguishing marks, for ten years to obtain five distinguishing marks, and for twelve years to obtain six distinguishing marks.
Any Marine who, by having been recorded in the Divisional Defaulters' Book, shall have been adjudged to have been guilty of an offence, by which he is to forfeit the whole or a part of his reward for previous good conduct, shall, if he denies the commission of such offence, have the right of appeal to a Court-Martial.
A Marine may, for a first offence of a serious nature, be adjudged, by the sentence of a Court-Martial, to forfeit all or any part of the advantages he had derived from his previous good conduct, either absolutely, or for any period not less than eighteen months, according to the circumstances which shall have appeared in evidence.
A Sergeant, or other Non-commissioned Officer, above the rank of Corporal, reduced to the ranks, who has not been sentenced by Court-Martial to forfeit all or any part of the advantages of good-conduct-pay which might have accrued from his former service, or forfeited such advantages by conviction by Court-Martial of desertion, &c., or conviction of felony, by a Court of Criminal Judicature, in accordance with the provision of the Articles of War, may be allowed to reckon his service as Non-commissioned Officer as good-conduct service, and, in addition to his pay as Private, shall be allowed the rate of good-conduct pay, which, with such service he could have claimed in ranks below that of Sergeant, in consequence of absence from the Defaulters' Book; but if such Sergeant or other Non-Commissioned Officer above the rank of Corporal be reduced by sentence of a Court-Martial, he shall be subjected by such reduction to the forfeiture of one penny a day of such calculated good-conduct pay for one year for the offence for which he was reduced.
When by the Queen's pardon, or order of the Admiralty, a Marine's service, which had been forfeited by desertion, or any other cause, shall have been restored, the rate of good-conduct pay the man was in possession of at the time of forfeiture shall also be restored, provided such restored pay, added to any other good-conduct pay he may have acquired while under forfeiture, does not exceed the rate to which his total service, coupled with the prescribed continuous absence from the Defaulters' Book, would give him a claim, and in such cases the condition which, under the ordinary operation of these Regulations, requires the uninterrupted possession for two years of one or more good-conduct badges, and pay attached thereto, before another can be obtained, will not be enforced, but will be adhered to during the Marine's subsequent service.
Whenever a Marine wearing one or more distinguishing marks shall, I while serving afloat, commit any offence for which the Captain or Commanding Officer of the ship in which such Marine is serving, shall consider that he should be punished by the forfeiture of one or more distinguishing marks, and the good-conduct pay attached thereto, such offence shall be inquired into under a Warrant, executed in the same manner as when corporal punishment is awarded; and the Captain or Commanding Officer may cause the said Marine to be deprived of one or more of the distinguishing marks, and the additional pay, according as the gravity of the offence shall, in his judgment, merit; which circumstance is to be duly entered in the log, and reported in the periodical returns, under the regulations established for the disrating of Petty Officers; and the marks and pay, so forfeited, shall not be re-conferred until the expiration of at least one year from the date of forfeiture, and then only under circumstances of extreme good conduct. No man so long as he is entitled to wear the distinguishing mark shall be considered liable to corporal punishment, except in cases of open mutiny.
The Warrant depriving a Marine of his distinguishing mark, is to be forwarded to the Admiralty with the Quarterly Return of Punishments, for subsequent transmission, through the Deputy Adjutant-General, to the Commandant of the Division to which the man belongs, for his information and guidance.
If a Marine shall have been discharged to Head Quarters previous to the completion of one year from the date of his having forfeited the distinguishing marks, he shall, as soon as he has completed that period, reckoning from the date of forfeiture, be eligible, at the discretion of the Colonel-Commandant, to have those rewards restored, provided his character shall have been very good during the interval.
Every Corporal, Bombardier, Gunner, or Private Marine, enlisted before the 1st August, 1847, is entitled to an addition of 2d. a day to the pay of his rank on completing fourteen years' actual service, from the age of 18 or 20 years respectively, according to the Regulations in force at the time of enlistment.
All Marines now serving, who enlisted before the 1st August, 1847, may have the option of relinquishing their right to the additional pay of 2d. a day after 14 years' service, and thereby become entitled to all the advantages of the Good conduct Regulations while serving, provided their names shall not have been entered in the Divisional Defaulters' Book immediately preceding the exchange, for the periods prescribed for each rate respectively.
But their pensions on discharge will be regulated according to the rules in force at the time of their enlistment, viz., from 10d. to 1s. 2d. a day, as hereafter laid down, provided such pension be not forfeited by misconduct.
All Non-commissioned Officers, Gunners, Drummers, Buglers, and Privates now serving, or who shall hereafter serve, in the Royal Marines, shall be entitled to reckon their time for pension equally for service afloat, or on shore.
The date of Attestation shall be the commencement of a Marine's service, which service shall reckon towards pension from the age of 18 only.
To Non-commissioned Officers, Gunners, Drummers, Buglers, and Privates of the Royal Marine Divisional and Artillery Companies, who enlisted previously to the 1st August, 1847.
Every Non-Commissioned Officer, Drummer, Bugler, Gunner, and Private of the Royal Marines, who shall be discharged from Her Majesty's Service on account of severe wounds or hurts, whether received in action or in the execution of his duty, shall be allowed a pension according to the following scale, provided he be deemed a fit and deserving object for relief, either for life, or for a limited period, at the discretion of the Admiralty, with reference to the bodily injury sustained, to the length of service, and to the character and rank of the Marine, viz.:-
A Marine having lost two limbs, or being otherwise so severely wounded, as to require the care and attendance of some other person, shall have from 1s. 6d. to 2s. a-day.
But for less injury than the foregoing, and not requiring the care of another person, from 1s. to 1s. 6d. a-day.
And if able to contribute in a small degree to his livelihood, from 9d. to 1s. a-day.
If able to contribute materially to his livelihood, though unfit for the Service, from 6d. to 9d. a-day.
In fixing pensions under this Article, the lowest or highest, or any intermediate rate is to be taken, according to the length of service and the character of the claimant, and the circumstances under which he was wounded or hurt.
Every Marine who shall be discharged on any account (except for misconduct) after twenty-one years' actual service in the Royal Marines, or any greater length of service, shall receive a pension varying from l0d. to 1s. 2d. a day; having consideration to whether the man be discharged at his own request, or otherwise, to the nature of his services, to his actual state of health and apparent strength, to his conduct and character, and to the number of years he may have served beyond twenty-one years.
Every Marine who, after having served fourteen years, shall be discharged for disability contracted in and by the Service, and not from want of proper care on his part, shall, provided he be deemed a fit and deserving object for relief, be allowed an annual pension, either for life or for a limited period, at the discretion of the Admiralty, calculated on a combined view of the length and nature of his service, his character, and his bodily infirmity, varying from 6d. to 9d. a day; but if the injury be not considered permanent, a conditional pension only shall be granted.
A Marine discharged under fourteen years' service, is not to be deemed entitled to a pension; but if discharged in consequence of disability contracted in and by the Service, and not from want of proper care on his part, may be allowed a pension, either for life or for a limited period, at the discretion of the Admiralty, of from 3d. to 6d. a day, according to the bodily injury sustained by, and the length of service and the character of the man.
In such cases, where Marines have received wounds or injuries in Her Majesty's Service, which shall not be found, on examination of so serious a character, as to entitle them to a pension, a gratuity may be made to them, at the discretion of the Admiralty, of a sum varying from 1l. to 18l., in full compensation for such wound or injury
If a Marine shall become totally blind, from unavoidable causes, clearly attributable to the Service, he shall be allowed a permanent pension of 3d. a day, in addition to the amount to which he may be otherwise entitled.
Service under 18 years of age will not be allowed to reckon either for discharge or for pension.
All Non-commissioned Officers now serving, who enlisted subsequently to March the 1st, 1833, who shall hereafter be discharged after completing 21 years' service, shall be entitled to have their pensions computed at the following rate: - 8d. a day, being at the same rate as that received by Privates enlisted for limited service, with the addition of-
|For a Corporal or Bombardier||½d.||a day for|
each year of
|For a Sergeant||1d.|
They shall also be entitled to reckon the "Good-conduct pay," of which they may be in possession when discharged, towards increase of pension; and Sergeants-Major, Quartermaster-Sergeants, and Sergeants, shall be entitled to have their service as such reckoned as good-conduct service, in order to add to the rate of good-conduct pay which they had acquired prior to promotion, and to carry the whole to increase their pension; provided always, that the total amount of pension to be awarded shall in no case exceed the maximum for-
|A Sergeant-Major||2s. 6d.||a day|
|Corporal or Bombardier||1s. 6d.|
Provided always, that the Non-commissioned Officer shall have served twenty-one years, and shall have been discharged as a Non-commissioned Officer, having served without interruption as such for the one year immediately preceding his discharge.
And no Non-commissioned Officer shall receive the aforesaid superior rates if discharged whilst holding an inferior rank.
To Non-commissioned Officers, Drummers, Buglers, Gunners, and Privates of the Royal Marine Divisional and Artillery Companies, who enlisted under the Act of Parliament termed "A Bill for limiting the Time of Service in the Royal Marine Forces" dated the 1st August, 1847.
Permanent pensions shall be granted to Marines, enlisted on and subsequently to, the 1st August, 1847, and who are discharged in consequence of being rendered incapable of further service, by wounds or injuries received in action, according to the following Scale:-
Wounds in Action.
|Rank.||FIRST DEGREE.||SECOND DEGREE.||THREE DEGREE.|
|Marines losing two Limbs, or both Eyes, from Wounds, or being so severely wounded as to be totally incapable of earning a livelihood, and to require the assistance and care of some other person.||Marines rendered incapable by Wounds of earning a livelihood, but not requiring the aid of another person.||Marines able to contribute towards earning a livelihood, although rendered by Wounds unfit for the ordinary duties of a Marine.|
|Sergeant||2 6||3 0||2 0||1 3||1 8|
|Corporal or Bombardier||1 10||2 4||1 6||1 0||1 3|
|Private, Gunner, Drummer, or Bugler||1 6||2 0||1 2||0 8||1 0|
In case of extreme suffering from wounds, received in action, by Non-commissioned Officers or Privates, of long service, or of gallant conduct before the enemy, a sum, not exceeding 6d. a-day, may be granted as Her Majesty's Royal Bounty, in addition to the pension which may have been awarded by the Admiralty.
Marines who shall become totally blind from unavoidable causes, other than wounds, but clearly attributable to the Service alone, shall be entitled to permanent pensions, according to the following Scale:-
| TO |
|Drummer, Bugler, Gunner, or Private||0 9||1 0||a-day.|
|Corporal or Bombardier, having served|
seven years as such
|1 0||1 3|
|Sergeant, having served as a Non-commissioned|
Officer ten years, and not less than five years
as a Sergeant
|1 3||2 0|
If the Marine shall have served more than fourteen years, and be discharged with a constitution impaired by the effects of foreign service, besides being afflicted with total blindness, an increase to the above rates not exceeding, for a-
|Drummer, Bugler, Gunner, or Private||3d.||a-day.|
may be added.
No Marine shall be discharged for the loss of an eye only, whether it be the right or the left; but if a Marine shall have lost one eye by a wound in action, or by the effects of service, and shall receive other wounds or injuries in action, or be otherwise so disabled as to render his discharge necessary, the loss of an eye shall be taken into consideration in fixing the pension at such a rate as his combined wounds or disabilities may entitle him to receive.
Sergeant-Majors, Quartermaster-Sergeants, Colour-Sergeants, Sergeants, Corporals, and Bombardiers, shall have their pensions computed at the same rate as Privates, viz., 8d. a-day, with the following addition for every year of service as Non-commissioned Officers:-
|Colour Sergeants and Sergeants||1d.||2s 0d|
|Corporals and Bombardiers||½d.||1s 6d|
Drummers, Gunners, Buglers, and Privates enlisted on and after the 1st August, 1847, and who re-engage themselves for a second period, will, at the end of twenty-one years' service, from the age of 18, be entitled to their discharge with pensions agreeably to the following Scale; and those who are retained in the service, under the provision of the Limited Service Act, or who may remain in it of their own accord, after the expiration of twenty-one years, from the age of 18, will be entitled to the benefit of pension up to the date of their discharge according to the following scale:-
|Without good conduct pay||With Additions for Good-Conduct Pay.|
|1 Mark||2 Marks||3 Marks||4 Marks||5 Marks|
|s. d.||s. d.||s. d.||s. d.||s. d.||s. d.|
|After 21 years||0 8||0 9||0 10||0 11||l 0||1 1||a-day.|
|After 22 "||0 8½||0 9½||0 10½||0 11½||l 0½||1 1½|
|After 23 "||0 9||0 10||0 11||1 0||l 1||1 2|
|After 24 "||0 9½||0 10½||0 11½||1 0½||l 1½||1 2½|
|After 25 "||0 10||0 11||1 0||1 1||l 2||1 3|
|After 26 "||0 10½||0 11½||1 0½||1 1½||l 2½||1 3|
|After 27 "||0 11||1 0||1 1||1 2||l 3||1 3|
|After 28 "||0 11½||1 0½||1 1½||1 2½||l 3||1 3|
|After 29 "||1 0||1 1||1 2||1 3||l 3||1 3|
The increase from the minimum shall be in each case, 1/2d. a-day, for every year of actual service completed beyond twenty-one years; but in no case shall the maximum (1s.) be exceeded, except by the addition of the reward for good conduct.
Marines discharged on account of disabilities contracted in, and by, the Service, alter fourteen, but under twenty-one years, shall be entitled to receive pensions according to the following rates, viz.:-
|Sergeant||9d. to 1s. 3d. a-day.|
|Corporal, or Bombardier||7d. to 1s. "|
|Drummer, Bugler, Gunner, or Private||7d. to 9d. "|
such pensions being granted either permanently, or conditionally, according as the Admiralty shall, in their discretion, consider the nature of the disability to warrant. Provided, however, that in the case of a Sergeant, Corporal, or Bombardier, discharged as such, his service shall have been at least of one year's duration in the rank of a Non-commissioned Officer.
The precise amount of pension shall be regulated by the time the Marine may have served, the nature of his services, the degree of the disability as affecting his means of earning a livelihood, and his good conduct while serving.
Marines who shall have been in the uninterrupted possession of good-conduct pay, for at least six months immediately preceding their discharge for disability, or by reduction, and who shall not have acquired claims to pensions, or shall be entitled only to temporary or conditional pensions, shall have their names registered at the Admiralty, and upon their attaining 50 years of age, shall receive, as a reward for their former good conduct, a pension-
|If discharged with one distinguishing mark, of||4d. a-day.|
|If discharged, after having been twelve months in possession of two distinguishing marks||5d. "|
|If discharged, in possession of three distinguishing marks||6d. "|
To men discharged after twenty-one years' service, for disabilities contracted in, and by, the Service, which not only unfit them for the ordinary duties of Marines, but which render them incapable of earning a livelihood, a temporary increase of pension may be granted to each rank to the following extent:-
|Drummer, Bugler, Gunner, or Private||3d. a-day.|
|Corporal or Bombardier||4d. "|
The aggregate pension, however, is in no case to exceed the maximum granted in Articles 15 and 16 ; and such increase is only to be granted for one year, and to be renewed thereafter by the Admiralty for such period as they may, under the circumstances of the case, conceive proper, on evidence of the Pensioner's continued incapacity to earn a livelihood.
Marines discharged previously to the completion of twenty-one years' service, on account of their being unfit for the ordinary duties of Marines, in consequence of disability contracted in, and by, the Service, may be allowed temporary pensions according to the following Scale, viz.:-
Under seven years' service, 6d. a-day, from one to eighteen months.
Above seven, but under ten years' service, 6d. a-day, from one to two years.
Above ten, but under fourteen years' service, 6d. a-day, from two to three years.
The temporary pensions which may have been awarded to men discharged as unfit for the ordinary duties of Marines, on account of disabilities contracted in, and by, the Service, previously to the completion of fourteen years' service, may, under extraordinary services of extreme suffering, or of incapacity to earn a sufficient livelihood, be made permanent.
In severe cases of disability or injury, resulting entirely from the Service, under twenty-one years' service, the temporary pension may be received for such further period as the special circumstances of the case may warrant.
A Non-commissioned Officer, who shall have served continuously as such at least one year in the rank he held when discharged, may be allowed an addition not exceeding the following rates, viz.:-
|Corporal or Bombardier||2d.|
to the temporary pension which would have been granted to him if he had been discharged as a private.
In special cases where it may be considered more advantageous to the Marine's interest that a gratuity in money, proportioned to the length of his services, and the duration of the temporary pension awarded, should be given, instead of the temporary pension, a sum varying from 1l. to 30l. may be allowed; but in every instance the gratuity shall be paid to the Marine, only after his arrival at the place of his intended future residence.
Temporary pensions, or the gratuities in lieu thereof, according to the Scales in Articles 17 and 20, may also be granted to men discharged without disability, for the convenience of the public service, in consequence of the reduction or disbandment of their Corps, after fourteen, but under twenty-one years' service; and such men shall be eligible to re-enter the Service, according to the rules laid down for Discharged Men re-enlisting,
No Non-commissioned Officer shall, on his discharge, have any claim to the allowance or pensions awarded to a Corporal, Bombardier, or Sergeant, except for continuous service immediately preceding his discharge, in the rank he held when discharged; but if a Sergeant shall be discharged without having served continuously as Sergeant the full period (one year) prescribed by these regulations to entitle him to the pension of that rank, he may be allowed to reckon as Corporal's or Bombardier's service the whole of his continuous service as a Non-commissioned Officer, to entitle him to the rate of pension allowed to the rank of Corporal or Bombardier; and antecedent service as a Non-commissioned Officer, in a rank from which he may have been reduced, may be specially admitted to reckon as part of his continuous service, provided it be established to the satisfaction of the Admiralty that such reduction in rank was on account of the Public Service, and did not result from any irregularity or misconduct on the part of the man himself.
The period during which any Marine may have been employed as an acting Non-commissioned Officer shall not be allowed to reckon as Non-commissioned Officer's service.
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