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Medical History of the 1841 Niger expedition
|► 1841 Niger expedition ► Medical history||Section 4 Chapter 2|
EXPEDITION TO THE RIVER NIGER
DURING THE YEARS 1841-2.
HISTORY OF THE EXPEDITION.
Vital Statistics of the Expedition at its close.
Statistical Account of the Cases of Fever that actually occurred on board H.M.S. Albert, (including Amelia tender and Model Farm), Wilberforce, and Soudan, while the vessels were in the Niger: showing also where the Deaths took place.*
|Number of officers, white seamen, marines, and sappers||62†|
|Died on board the Albert||9|
|" Merchant ship Warree||1|
|Died at Fernando Po Sick Quarters||6|
|" Royal Naval Hospital, Ascension||1=23|
|Ratio of deaths in total number victualled||1 in 2.696|
|" in number of cases||l in 2.391|
|Men of color of various nations entered in England||15‡|
|" attacked with fever in Niger||6, or 1 in 2.500|
|Blacks entered on the coast||76|
|" attacked with fever in river||0|
† Adding Captain B. Allen, Mr. Webb, mate, and William McLauchlan, sailmaker of Soudan, who joined before the Albert left the confluence to proceed upwards, and were taken ill immediately afterwards: also Mr. Kingdon, schoolmaster, and Mr. Ansell, collector, who were received on board in a dangerous state from fever, when the Albert was at the confluence on her way out of the river, and deducting Lieut. Fishbourne.
‡ Adding one received at confluence when the Albert was descending the river.
H.M.S. Wilberforce; in the river 45 days.
|Number of officers, white seamen, marines, and sappers||56*|
|Of whom were attacked with fever in the Niger||48, or 1 in 1.666|
|Died on board the Wilberforce||6|
|" at Fernando Po Sick Quarters||1 = 7|
|Ratio of Deaths in number victualled||1 in 8.000|
|Ratio od Deaths in number of cases||l in 6.857|
|Men of color of various nations entered in England||7†|
|" attacked with fever in Niger||3, or 1 in 2.500|
|Blacks entered on the coast||39|
* Deducting Mr. Ansell.
† Deducting the officer of colour received on board Albert at model farm.
H.M.S. Soudan; in the river 40 days.
|Number of officers, white seamen, marines, and sappers||27*|
|" attacked with fever in the Niger||27, or 1 in 1.000|
|Died on board the Soudan||5|
|" " Wilberforce||1|
|" " Dolphin||4 = 10|
|Ratio of deaths in number victualled||1 in 2.700|
|Men of color entered in England||3|
|" attacked with fever in Niger||2, or 1 in 1.500|
|Blacks entered on the coast||18|
* Including Lieut. Fishbourne, who joined her at the confluence, before descending the river.
|Statistical Summary deduced from the above Tables.||Albert, &c.||Wilberforce.||Soudan.||Total.|
|Total Number of Whites||62||56||27||145|
|Cases of fever among ditto||55||48||27||130†|
|Deaths among ditto||23||7||10||40|
|Number of blacks||91||46||21||158|
|Cases of fever||6||3||2||11|
† Names of those who escaped the Fever in the Niger.
Albert. William Stanger, M.D., geologist, suffered afterwards from intermittent in England.
Theodore Müller, chaplain, left the river at the confluence.
Charles Hodges, sergt. marines, was frequently unwell afterwards from headach, but was a good deal relieved by ulcers breaking out in the legs.
Morgan Kinson, P. marine, died of gastritis at Fernando Po.
John Huxley, sick-berth attendant, had a severe fever seven weeks after leaving the river at Fernando Po.
William Lamb, mid-steward, ditto, ditto.
Archibald Yair, sick-berth attendant, left at the confluence in Soudan, and was quite well throughout.
Wilberforce. William Cook, commissioner, left the river in Wilberforce.
James N. Strange, lieut. (now commander), ditto, ditto.
Morris Pritchett, M.D., surgeon, ditto, ditto.
James F. Schön, chaplain, ascended to Egga in Albert.
T.R.H. Thomson, assistant-surgeon (now surgeon), left the river in Soudan.
John Stirling, assistant-surgeon, left the river in the Soudan.
Walsh, carpenter’s crew, left the river in the Wilberforce.
Douglas, mid-steward, ditto, ditto.
H.M.S. Wilberforce on her return to the Coast in 1842.
|Died of fever||1|
Wilberforces Second Voyage up the Niger in July, 1842.
|Number of whites on board||8|
|Number attacked with fever||7, or 1 in 1.140|
|Deaths in number on board from after effects||2, or 1 in 4.000|
|Ditto in number of cases||1 in 3.500|
Return of the Total Mortality stated under the respective Ships to which the Officers, Seamen, Marines, &c. belonged, from the time the Expedition left England to its completion.
|Albert, including the Amelia, &c.||Wilberforce.||Soudan.|
|Average complement||Officers, including Engineers.||White Seamen. Marines, and Sappers.||Kroomen, liberated Africans, &c.||Total.||Officers, including Engineers.||White Seamen. Marines, and Sappers.||Kroomen, liberated Africans, &c.||Total.||Officers, including Engineers.||White Seamen. Marines, and Sappers.||Kroomen, liberated Africans, &c.||Total.||Grand Total|
|Deaths from fever contracted on the coast||..||..||..||..||1||..||1||2||..||..||..||..||2|
|" " in the river||6||14||..||20||3||6||..||9||5||8||..||13||42|
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