The Queens Regulations and the Admiralty Instructions - 1861
PENSIONS AND GRATUITIES TO OFFICERS AND SEAMEN.
Her Majesty is pleased to reserve to herself the consideration of the claims of the undermentioned Officers, for Pensions on account of having been wounded or disabled in Her Service, as their several cases shall be represented to Her Majesty by the Admiralty :-
Masters of the Fleet,
Inspectors-General of Hospitals and Fleets,
Deputy Inspectors-General of Hospitals and Fleets,
Inspectors of Machinery Afloat,
and Assistant Engineers;
and also of Officers of the Royal Marine Corps.
No claim for Pension on the part of the above Officers shall be taken into consideration if not preferred within ten years after they shall have been wounded or disabled.
Every Midshipman, Master's Assistant, Clerk, Naval Cadet, and Assistant Clerk, who shall be discharged from Her Majesty's Service for wounds or hurts received, or permanent sickness or disability contracted in the Service, and who shall be deemed a fit and deserving object for relief, shall, at the discretion of the Admiralty, be allowed a Pension, either for life or for a limited period, of not less than 1s., and not more than 2s. 6d. a-day, according to the extent of bodily injury or disability sustained by the individual.
Retiring Pensions will be awarded to Engineers, Assistant Engineers, and Warrant Officers on attaining the age of sixty years, and to such as may, on being surveyed, be declared unfit for any further service. The scale of such Pensions shall be as follows:-
|Engineers for Special Charge.
|Pension for each year's sea service as a Engineer Officer.
|Maximum Pension not to exceed
|10 years and upwards, after being selected for special charge
|130 a-year. * Harbour service time to be reckoned as in the case of Engineers not selected for special charge.
|Less than 10 and above 5 years, - Do.
|Under 5 years, - Do.
|Engineers and Assistant Engineers.
|Pensions for each year's sea service as an Engineer Officer.*
|Pension for each year's harbour service as an Engineer Officer.
|Maximum Pension not to exceed
|Assistant Engineer, 1st class
|Assistant Engineer, 2nd Class
NOTE. - Engineers and Assistant Engineers, less than 5 years in the Navy as such, are not to receive any Pension for service; but are to be allowed, in lieu thereof, a gratuity of £10 for each complete year's service.
|Warrant-Officers; viz. Gunners, Boatswains, and Carpenters.
|Pensions for each year's sea service as an Warrant Officer.
|Pension for each year's harbour service as an Warrant Officer.
|Maximum Pension not to exceed
* And in addition, £1 for each year served as Seamen or Petty Officer. In this case, the additional time allowed for Service as Seamen-Gunner is not to count.
No Engineer Officer or Warrant Officer shall be allowed to reckon as service towards a Pension any period of time during which he shall not have maintained a good character in the Ships in which he has served.
For wounds and injuries received in and by the service Warrant Officers shall be entitled to Pensions, at the discretion of the Admiralty, according to the undermentioned scale, namely:-
|Any sum not exceeding
|For the loss of two limbs in action
|For wounds or injuries in action equal to the loss of two limbs
|For injuries or hurts received in and by the service, though not in action, equal to the loss of two limbs
|For the loss of one limb in action
|For wounds or injuries in action equal to the loss of a limb
|For injuries or hurts received in and by the service, though not in action, equal to the loss of a limb
|For less injury than the foregoing, or for disability; arising from sickness contracted in and by the service - when the Admiralty award a Pension
A Pension for wounds or injuries is to be granted only after the Officer has (where practicable) been surveyed at the Admiralty; such Pension is to be received in addition to any other Pension to wrhich the Officer may be entitled for service; and may, at the discretion of the Admiralty, be awarded to Officers who are continued in active service after being wounded or hurt.
Every Petty Officer, Leading Seaman, Able Seaman, Ordinary Seaman, Second-Class Ordinary Seaman, Boy, and every other person belonging to a Ship's Company, as specified in Article I, at page 40, whether serving as part of the complement or as Supernumeraries, who shall be discharged from Her Majesty's Service on account of wounds or hurts, received in action or otherwise in the execution of his duty, shall be allowed a Pension (either for life or for a limited period) at the discretion of the Admiralty, according to the following Scale, - provided he be deemed a fit and deserving object for relief - with reference to the bodily injury sustained, the length of service, rating, and character of the individual, and the circumstances under which he was wounded or hurt;-
|Having lost two limbs, or being otherwise so severely wounded or hurt as to require the care and attendance of some other person
|from 1s. 6d. to 2s. a-day.
|Having lost one limb, or being otherwise severely wounded or hurt, but not requiring the care of another person
|from 1s. to 1s. 6d. a-day.
|For less injury than the foregoing, and able to contribute in a small degree to his livelihood
|from 9d. to 1s. a-day.
|If able to contribute materially to his livelihood, though unfit for further service
|from 6d. to 9d, a-day.
|If totally blind from unavoidable causes, clearly attributable to the service
|3d. a-day permanently, in addition to the amount to which he may be otherwise entitled.
When a Pensioner employed in any one of Her Majesty's Ships shall be wounded or injured in the actual performance of duty, such addition to his Pension may be awarded to him, within the limits of the Pensions granted for wounds and injuries, as the Admiralty shall think fit under the circumstances of the case.
Every individual mentioned and referred to in Article 5, who, after having served at least fourteen years, shall be discharged for disability contracted in the service, and not from want of proper care on his own part, shall, provided he shall appear a fit and deserving object of relief, be allowed a Pension for life, calculated on. a combined view of his length of service, character, and bodily infirmity, varying from 6d. to 9d. a-day; but if the injury or disability be not considered permanent, a temporary Pension only shall be granted.
In cases where the individual may be circumstanced as above described, but with less than fourteen years' service, the Admiralty may, when they shall deem it proper to do so, award him a Pension of from 3d. to 6d. a-day, either for life or for a limited period.
When any Officer, Subordinate Officer, or Warrant Officer (other than those mentioned in Article I), Petty Officer, Seaman, Marine, Boy, or other person on full pay, shall receive any wound or hurt, either on board, in the tenders or boats, or on shore, so as to disable him from continuing in the service of the Ship, the Captain shall, within a reasonable time, and before he, or the hurt and wounded person, be discharged from the ship, cause a certificate to be made out on the form supplied for that purpose, and delivered to him, expressing the nature of the hurt or wound, and on what occasion it was received; which certificate shall be signed by such Captain, the Commander (or a Lieutenant where there is no Commander), the Master, Surgeon, and Paymaster of the Ship, in order that the person so hurt or wounded may receive such Pension as the nature of his injury may warrant, and as may be according to the rules established in that behalf.
Every individual referred to in Article 5, not being entered for continuous service, who shall be discharged on any account (except misconduct), after twenty-one years' service in the Royal Navy, to be reckoned as commencing, according to circumstances, at the ages specified in the following Scale, shall receive, subject to the conditions hereafter expressed, a Pension varying, at the discretion of the Admiralty, from 10d. to 1s. 2d. a-day, having consideration to the character of the individual as shown by his good-conduct badges, and certificates, to the nature of his services, to his actual state of health and apparent strength, and the number of years he may have served beyond twenty-one years, and whether discharged at his own request or otherwise.
If entered for continuous service, the individual shall be entitled to a Pension after twenty-years' service, instead of twenty-one years as above mentioned, provided he shall have completed not less than ten years of such service on the continuous and general service system, - or not less than seven years, if entered for continuous service under the specific conditions contained in Clause II, Article 27, at page 86 of these Instructions.
All men who, after the 13th day of April, 1859, qualify themselves as Seamen Gunners, - or abroad, as Acting Seamen Gunners, - shall be allowed to reckon (from the date of such qualification, and whilst serving as Seamen Gunners or Acting Seamen Gunners) time in proportion of six years for every five they have served towards a long service pension. Fractional parts to be allowed for broken time in the same proportion. The same advantage to be allowed from the date before-mentioned to Seamen Gunners or Acting Seamen Gunners then serving, or who may thereafter serve as such; provided in the case of Acting Seamen Gunners that they are confirmed as Seamen Gunners on their return to England.
Men who are claimants for Pensions after twenty or twenty-one years' service, will only be entitled to the same provided their service shall have been completed within the under-mentioned periods:-
|If after twenty years' service
|Within twenty-seven years from the age of 18, and that they shall not have been out of the service more than five years at any one time.
|If after twenty-one years' service
|Within thirty years from the age of 20, and that they shall not have been out of the service more than five years at any one time.
The age at winch the time of service of a Seaman shall commence to reckon for a Pension shall be as follows:-
|If entered in the service prior to 1st January, 1832
|From the age of 18.
|If entered on, or subsequent to, the above date, but not for continuous service
|From the age of 20.
|If entered for continuous service, without reference to the rating held, and employed on the continuous service system (Vide Article 8)
|From the age of 18.
The Admiralty may, at their discretion, award Pensions to Men, entered for continuous service, of 6d. a-day after ten years' service, from the age of 18, and 8d. a-day after fifteen years' service from the same age.
The undermentioned Petty Officers, in addition to the rates of Pension awarded to them as Seamen, shall be allowed for each year's service in the capacity of Superior or Inferior Petty Officers, as follows:-
|Superior Petty Officers.
|No. of Years' Service as Petty Officer.
|Inferior Petty Officers.
|£. s. d.
|£. s. d.
Chief Gunner's Mate
Chief Boatswain's Mate Chief Captain of the Forecastle
Chief Carpenter's Mate
Captain of the Forecastle
Yeoman of Signals
Coxswain of the Launch
Captain of the Main-Top
Captain of the Fore-Top
Captain of the Afterguard
Captain of the Hold
Leading Stoker, Sick Berth Steward, and all other Chief and First-Class Petty Officers
|0 15 2
|0 7 7
Coxswain of the Barge
Coxswain of the Pinnace
Captain of the Mast
2nd Captain of the Forecastle
2nd Captain of the Main-Top
2nd Captain of the Fore-Top
2nd Captain of the Afterguard
Captain of the Mizen Top
Coxswain of the Cutter
Sick Berth Attendant
and all other Second-Class Petty Officers
|1 10 5
|0 15 2
|2 5 7
|1 2 9
|3 0 10
|1 10 5
|3 16 0
|1 18 0
|4 11 3
|2 5 7
|5 6 5
|2 13 2
|6 1 8
|3 0 10
|6 16 10
|3 8 5
|7 12 1
|3 16 0
|8 7 3
|4 3 7
|9 2 6
|4 11 3
|9 17 8
|4 18 10
|10 12 11
|5 6 5
|11 8 1
|5 14 0
|12 3 4
|6 1 8
|12 18 6
|6 9 3
|13 13 9
|6 16 10
|14 8 11
|7 4 5
|15 4 2
|7 12 1
|15 19 4
|7 19 8
|16 14 7
|8 7 3
|17 9 9
|8 14 10
|18 5 0
|9 2 6
|19 0 2
|9 10 1
|19 15 5
|9 17 8
|20 10 7
|10 5 3
|21 5 10
|10 12 11
|22 1 0
|11 0 6
|22 16 3
|11 8 1
The above additional rates will be doubled in the case of continuous service of Petty Officers pensioned after fifteen or twenty years' service, provided they shall have entered and served for one continuous period of not less than ten years on the continuous and general service system, unless invalided for wounds or hurts received on duty; and provided also that they shall have been discharged from continuous service with the rating of Petty Officers, and that their character in such rating shall have been "very good."
Persons discharged with disgrace, or for offences, or by sentence of a Court-martial, are not entitled to any Pension; and no period of time shall be allowed to reckon for Pension during which they shall not have maintained a good character in the Ships to which they belonged, or for such periods as they may have been imprisoned under any civil process, or by sentence of a Court-martial, or by summary commitment from on board their Ships, or for such time as they may appear on the Ships' Books as having been "absent without leave;" and if a deserter shall be retaken, or shall re-enter Her Majesty's Service, he shall commence a new time from such re-entry, and shall not be entitled to the benefit of any time preceding his desertion: and any person who shall have been discharged with disgrace, and shall re-enter in one of Her Majesty's Ships, shall not be entitled to the benefit of any time for his service in such Ship.
When Seamen serving on board Her Majesty's Ships, whether on a home or foreign Station, who have completed a service of twenty or twenty-one years, as the case may be, shall be desirous of obtaining their Pensions without quitting the Service, and their Captains, or Commanding Officers, shall think it for the advantage of the Service to retain them, the applications for the same are to be transmitted to the Admiralty by the Officer Commanding the Ship, with the usual statement of the Ships in which they have served, in order that their time of service may be immediately taken out, and the Pensions to which they may be entitled be then granted to them, without waiting until they are paid off. If such seamen continue in the Service of their own accord, under the approval of the Admiralty, they are to be considered liable to be retained in the Ships in which they may be serving until paid off.
Men who, under the Good-conduct Regulations, obtain free discharges from the Royal Marine Corps, and who, subsequent to their discharge from that Corps, enter the Royal Navy, - or who, under special circumstances, may be allowed to quit the Royal Marine Corps for entry in the Royal Navy, - shall, on the completion of twenty-one years' service, including the time served in the Royal Marines, be entitled to long service pensions, provided their conduct has been good during their service in the Navy.
The deferred Marine Pension, authorized by the Good-conduct Regulations, will not be allowed in addition to the long-service Pension; nor will Marines volunteering under the above circumstances to enter for continuous service, become entitled to long-service Pensions, for less than a total period of 21 years' service from the age of 18.
Pensions under the foregoing circumstances will be computed as Pensions to Seamen, the time served in the Royal Marine Corps as Sergeant being reckoned as superior Petty Officer's time, and the time served as Corporal as inferior Petty Officer's time.
(Men who enter the Navy from the Marines, will, under the same regulations as are applicable to Seamen, be allowed the benefit of the Good-conduct Badges of which they may have been in possession at the time of their discharge from the Marine Corps, but they are not to wear or receive pay for more than three Badges,)
All claims to Pensions on the part of Subordinate Officers, Petty Officers, and Seamen, should be brought forward before the expiration of six months after the individual is discharged from Her Majesty's Service; arid all applications for long service Pensions by Petty Officers and Seamen must, if they are not serving, be accompanied by their Certificates in original; but if employed on board any of Her Majesty's Ships, an attested copy of the same is to be transmitted by the Captain through whom the application is made, such Captain having previously satisfied himself that the applicant has served the full period to entitle him to a Pension.
No increase of Pension will be granted to Pensioners whilst serving in any of Her Majesty's Ships, except in cases in which such Pensioners shall have been called upon to serve. Claims to increase of Pension will, however, be considered on the final discharge of Volunteer Pensioners from Her Majesty's Service.
The Invaliding Tickets of Men who may be discharged in consequence of complaints which there may be reason to believe they had contracted previous to their having entered the Service, are, whenever it can be ascertained, to contain a notation to that effect; and the respective Captains of Her Majesty's Ships are to state whether the disease or hurts for which they give an Invaliding Ticket were, or were not, contracted in the Ships under their command.
All Men invalided from Her Majesty's Service, whether Pensioners or not, who re-enter the Service, must produce their Invaliding Certificates or Pension Tickets, at the time of their re-entry, to the Captain and Surgeon of the Ship, in order that their cases may be fully known; and if they neglect to do this, or fail in assigning a sufficient reason for not doing so; they forfeit all claim to Pensions for subsequent service.
When, in cases of emergency, Pensioners may be called upon to serve, they will be allowed to receive their Pensions in addition to their Pay; when not called upon to serve this indulgence will not be granted to them, unless under the approval of the Admiralty in each particular instance; therefore, in the latter case, when Pensioners offer themselves for entry in Her Majesty's Ships, the respective Captains of such Ships are to forward to the Secretary of the Admiralty, through the Commander-in-chief under whom they are serving, a return of such Pensioners; in the form given in the Appendix, when the Admiralty will direct whether they shall or shall not receive their Pensions while serving; it is to be understood, however, that all short service Pensioners, Men pensioned for wounds, Cooks (except Ships' Cooks), Stewards (except Ships' Stewards), Servants and Bandsmen, will in no case be allowed to receive their Pensions in addition to their pay, unless when called upon to serve.
All Pensioners, on re-entering the Service, are to be required to produce a Certificate from the Staff Officer of the District in which they have been residing, showing the period up to which their Pensions are paid, in order that, in cases where they may not be allowed to receive their Pensions while serving, any payment for a period beyond the date of their re-entry may be charged against their wages on the Ship's Books; and a Report of the same having been done, is to be sent by the Captain of the Ship to the Secretary of the Admiralty, that repayment of the amount overdrawn may be made to the War Department.
All Pensions are granted during good behaviour, and may be forfeited by misconduct on the part of the Pensioner, to be judged of by the Admiralty.
Pensioners who shall not have been discharged as wholly incapable, or whose age shall not exceed fifty years, may forfeit their Pensions, and may be apprehended and punished as deserters, by neglecting to attend at such port or place, and at such time as shall, during war, or in prospect of war, or in any emergency, be appointed for the assembling of the Pensioners by the Admiralty, or by neglecting or refusing to serve Her Majesty in such manner as to the Admiralty may seem proper, and except when such neglect to appear, or such neglect or refusal to serve, shall be accounted for by reasonable excuse, and be admitted by the Admiralty.
The regulations contained in this and the preceding Article are to be considered applicable to Marines as well as to Seamen and others.
A return of all Greenwich Out-Pensioners serving on board Her Majesty's Ships is to be transmitted by the respective Captains to the Secretary of the Admiralty, at the end of every quarter, in the form given in the Appendix.
The examination of Invalided Seamen and Marines of the Fleet, who are claimants for Pension, is to be regulated as follows:-
i. When a Seaman or Marine, serving on board any of Her Majesty's Ships, is found, upon survey, to be no longer fit for Her Majesty's Service, he is, when invalided for injuries, to be provided, if entitled to it, with the usual hurt certificate; when invalided for disease, the Captain is to direct him to be furnished with a sealed document (signed by the Surgeon and countersigned by the Captain), containing a brief abstract of his case, showing the nature of the disease, whether caused by the Service or not, and whether the man was of sober habits, or otherwise. This document is to be presented by the Invalid to the Officers by whom he will be examined in England, in order that they may be in possession of the full particulars of his case.
ii. Seamen or Marines who are claimants for Pensions under the above circumstances will be examined at the Royal Hospital at Gosport or Plymouth, or at the Dockyards at Woolwich or Chatham (as may be most convenient to them), on the 1st and 3rd Wednesdays in each month, and two days after the usual invaliding survey days, at 10 A.M.; on which days only invalids are to present themselves for such examination.
iii. The Surveying Officers at Gosport or Plymouth will consist of the Superintendent of the Hospital, assisted by the Senior Medical Officer of the same; and at Woolwich or Chatham, of the Superintendent of the Dockyard, with the Senior Medical Officer of the Marine Infirmary. In the event of the Superintendent being absent on duty, or other cause, the Senior Captain of Her Majesty's Ships and Vessels present is to be directed to perform the Superintendent's duty.
iv. Seamen who are sent home in Merchant Vessels, and who arrive at any ports in the United Kingdom, other than those above mentioned, may be surveyed at Gosport, Plymouth, Woolwich, or Chatham, or in London (at Somerset House), if more convenient to them. The days for Surveys at Somerset House are the 1st and 3rd Thursdays in each month. Marines sent home from abroad must join their Head-Quarters, and they will be afterwards examined in the same manner as Seamen.
Allowances by way of Gratuity shall be made (with or without any Pension for wounds to which the Officer may be entitled under Article 1, at page 238). under the following regulations, to any-
Master of the Fleet,
Inspector-General of Hospitals and Fleets,
Deputy Inspector-General of
Hospitals and Fleets,
Inspector of Machinery Afloat,
and also to any
Officer of the Royal Marine Corps.
who, when serving on board Her Majesty's Ships, or in Tenders or Boats, or in Transports, or when employed on shore, shall be wounded in fight with the enemy, or with pirates or smugglers, or in encounters with the Ships of friends by mistake:-
i. If the wound received shall occasion the loss of an eye, or a limb, or the total loss of the use of a limb, or be such as shall prove equally, prejudicial to bodily exertion with the loss of a limb, the person shall receive a Gratuity of one year's Full-Pay of the situation in which he was serving when wounded, and shall be further allowed such expenses relating to his cure (if it be not performed at Her Majesty's expense), as shall be certified in such manner as the Admiralty shall think fit to direct; provided that such expenses do not in any case amount to more than his Full-Pay for one year in the Ship or Company he belonged to when wounded.
ii. If the wound does not amount to the loss of a limb, or is not equally prejudicial to bodily exertion, such Gratuity shall be awarded as the case may appear to the Admiralty to require, less than the amount of a year's Full-Pay: and the charges of cure shall be allowed under the conditions and restrictions specified in the preceding paragraph.
iii. The mode of application for such Gratuities, and expenses of cure, and the nature of the examination to be required, as well as the mode of payment, shall be regulated as the Admiralty may, from time to time, direct; but no claim to a Gratuity shall be taken into consideration if not preferred within ten years after the wound or injury shall have been received; nor shall such Gratuity be paid, except to the wounded Officer himself, and it shall not be payable to any relative or representative of an Officer deceased.
Gratuities, under the following regulations, shall be allowed, as Her Majesty's Royal Bounty, to the Widows and Orphans of such of the Officers mentioned in Article I, and of Subordinate and Warrant Officers belonging to Her Majesty's Ship's, as may be slain in the Queen's Service, in fight with the enemy, pirates or smugglers, or in encounters with the Ships of friends by mistake; and persons dying of thtlr wounds within six months shall be considered as persons slain, viz:-
i. To a Widow, a Gratuity equal to a year's Full-Pay of the situation in which her husband was acting at the time of his death.
ii. To each Orphan (who shall not be married, nor be of the age of twenty-one at the time of the father's death), one third of the Gratuity to the Widow; and posthumous children shall be considered as orphans.
In cases where Seamen are discharged on account of wounds, injuries, or disabilities received or contracted in Her Majesty's Service, and when the same shall not be found, on examination, of such degree as to entitle them to a Pension, a Gratuity may be awarded to them, at the discretion of the Admiralty, of a sum varying from 1 l. to 18 l, in full compensation for such wounds or injuries.
When the Admiralty promote a Warrant Officer to be a Commission Officer, under Article 19, at page 55, such Warrant Officer shall be entitled to the sum of 100 l., as a Gratuity, to enable him to provide himself with a proper outfit: and a Petty Officer promoted to be a Warrant Officer, shall receive 25 l. for the same purpose. Applications for the above gratuities must be made to the Secretary of the Admiralty, for the consideration of the Board.
On a Ship being ordered to be paid off, the Officer in command is immediately to transmit to the Secretary of the Admiralty, through the Commander-in-chief under whom he is serving, the names of any Petty Officers or Seamen, or Non-commissioned Officers or Privates of Marines (not exceeding in number the proportion of one for every 100 of the crew; or in small vessels, where the complement does not amount to 100 men, but exceeds 50, one man; or, in Ships having complements exceeding 150, but under 200, two men; exceeding 350, but under 400, four men; and so on in the same proportion), who shall have completed the requisite service to entitle them to long service Pensions, and who shall have behaved themselves invariably well in such Ship, and shall be in possession of a certificate of good conduct throughout their former service, when their Lordships may award them good-service Medals and Gratuities; the Medals to be presented by the Captain to the Men entitled to the same, in the presence of the whole of the Ship's Company, the last thing prior to the Ship being paid off. The Gratuities (payable only through the Staff Officers of Pensioners of the districts in which the men intend to reside), will be according to the following Scale:-
|To Chief and First-Class Petty Officers, and Serjeants of Marines, having served as such ten years
|To Second-Class Petty Officers, and Corporals of Marines, having served as such seven years
|To Leading Seamen, having served as such five years
|To Able Seamen and Private Marines
In cases where the person recommended may not have served the full period as Petty or Non-commissioned Officer to entitle him to the higher rates of gratuity, he shall receive such one of the lower rates, with reference to his combined services in several capacities; as may, in the opinion of the Admiralty, be proper to award to him.
In addition to the medals and gratuities granted under the foregoing representations, medals without gratuities may be awarded, under similar conditions, in the proportion of one for every hundred men of the crew.
Each Coast Guard District Ship is to be allowed one medal with the Gratuity, and one medal without the Gratuity, annually, on the 31st of March, instead of on paying off.