The Anglo-Japanese hostilities of 1863 - 1864
The Anglo-Japanese hostilities of 1863 - 1864


The Royal Navy
The Royal Navy


In 1863 the Royal Navy bombarded the town of Kagoshima in retribution for the "Namamugi Incident" of 1862 in which a British merchant was murdered by a local official. The following year a multinational force attacked forts at Shimonoseki after attacks by the Choshu clan on foreign ships passing through the Kanmon Straits, the gateway to the Inland Sea between the Japanese islands of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. The following extracts from the Times newspaper describe these events; they were also described by W.L. Clowes.


Extracts from the Times newspaper
DateExtract
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